One of the Algerian cities located in the north-eastern side of the country, and it is one of its oldest cities and was named after the conqueror Muhammad al-Qalami, and others refer that its name is related to the Roman queen Malacca, who ruled the city in the Roman era. The city is distinguished by its agricultural character, as wheat is grown in it, and livestock are raised in it, which helps in this is the presence of surface and underground water in it, and there are also a group of ceramics factories, motorcycles factories, in addition to sugar factories.
The inhabitants of Guelma practice a group of important cultural activities, most notably theatre, playing music, in addition to plastic art. For years, it was known for the multiplicity of its festivals and artistic events across the country. A group of cultural associations and movements were established in it which helped in developing the artistic movements and activities, including the Houari Boumediene Theatre Association, the Malacca Association for Modern Music, Basmat Association for Plastic Art, and others. As a result of the existence of such associations, the city gained a prominent artistic position, and it helped in forming other activities and arts such as ceramics and knitting.
It contains a wonderful collection of beautiful landmarks and areas, the most important of which are: Mount Maouna, one of the huge religious monuments, and there are baths such as Hammam Nbail, Hammam Welad Ali, and the second hottest bath in the world, which is Hammam Debagh. There are also the Roman Theatre, the Theatre Museum affiliated with the previous theatre, Piscine Romaine Héliopolis, Ain Nashma bin Jarrah, the military barracks wall, the ruins of the Roman city Thibilis, Sellaoua Announa, in addition to Sheikh Hefnawi corner in Diyar Bani Mazln, and others.