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About the city


• The city of Ghardaia is a city and municipality affiliated from a regional point to the district of Ghardaia in the Algerian Ghardaia province, where it is located to the north of the Algerian desert, and the headquarter of this province is approximately 600 km south of the capital of Algeria. The area of this city is approximately 86 105 km², and it is bordered on the northern side by Djelfa province, Laghouat province, and El Bayadh Province, while on the western side it is bordered by Adrar Province, on the east by Ouargla Province, and on the south by Tamanrasset Province. This city is approximately 200 km from the capital of Province, about 200 km from the capital of Ouargla Province, and about 480 km from the capital of Adrar Province, and about 1400 km separates it from the capital of Tamanrasset Province, and crosses from this city the national road number one that connects the Algerian capital with the charming Great South.

• Climate in the city of Ghardaia: This city is located in a desert region, which makes the desert climate the prevailing climate in it, as it is characterized by its dry climate, and a wide temperature range between day and night, as well as between summer and winter, and the weather is moderate in the period between spring and autumn. The sky is clear most days of the year.

• The city of Ghardaia was part of a valley called M'zab, and it was one of the small villages that were subjected to a widespread attack during the Fatimid era in order to annex them to their rule, and the inhabitants of these villages were able to build a group of castles to protect them from the invasion. In the eleventh century AD, many people immigrated to it to escape the wars that were at that time; And that is because it was distinguished by a high degree of safety and protection. In the twelfth century AD it was inhabited by Arabs such as the Banu al-Mansur, and a group of tribes such as: alshurafaa, sons of Abdul Qadir, and others, and in the year 1679 AD witnessed a struggle between the Arabs and the barbarians who tried to obtain it in order to expand their areas of rule, but its original inhabitants managed to preserve it which contributed to transforming it from a small village into a big city. But in 1864 AD, it was subjected to the French occupation, and the people of Ghardaia revolted against the French until they were able to liberate it and preserve their cultural heritage in it.

• There are many monuments in the city of Ghardaia, especially the old palaces that testify to the archaeological heritage therein, and the most important of these palaces are: Ghardaia Palace, El Guerrara Palace, Beni Isguen Palace, Berriane Palace, and other palaces, Ghardaia is also characterized by the spread of many religious monuments, the most important of which are the ancient mosques that were established with the arrival of Islam to the city, and Ghardaia is also distinguished by its unique architectural character, which is associated with the construction of traditional housing in it.