Jeddah city and major port in central Hejaz region, western Saudi Arabia. It lies along the Red Sea west of Mecca. The principal importance of Jeddah in history is that it constituted the port of Mecca and was thus the site where the majority of Muslim pilgrims landed.
In the 1927 treaty of Jeddah the British recognized Saudi sovereignty over the Hejaz and Najd regions. Jeddah eventually was incorporated into Saudi Arabia In 1947 the city walls were demolished, and rapid expansion followed.
Jeddah is the first city in Saudi Arabia in terms of ownership the largest number of skyscraper and towers and the second-largest city in Saudi Arabia (after the capital Riyadh), it is the most important port in Red sea and the principal port for exchanging the goods with Africa and Europe Continent, it has many hotels, resorts and markets. The divers visiting it to see the corals reef.
In 646, the Muslim Caliph, Uthman Ibn Affan, founded Jeddah and turned it into a port of Makka (the holiest city in Islam), in 1925 the Wahhābīs attacked Jeddah, in 16th century Hijaz came under the control of Turkey formally only and the local governors maintained a degree of independence.
The city takes its name from the location of the reputed tomb of Eve, which was destroyed in 1928 by the Saudi government because it encouraged superstitious.
Tourist attractions in Jeddah:
Jeddah Corniche: it is 130K.M from Red sea coast, has a different architecture design.
The Aquarium: It is considered the first and the only one of its kind in the Kingdom; city residents visit it in order to see marine life in the Red Sea.
King Fahd's Fountain: it is the first destination for Jeddah residents, with a height 312 m, illuminated at night by over 500 spotlights.
Mamlaka Tower: in 2014 the project started to be implemented and in 2018 it was opened, it is the tallest tower in the world, it is 200 meter higher than Khalifa Tower in Dubai.