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About the city


Istanbul has been known since ancient times as "Constantinople", "Byzantium", "Astana" and "Islambol", in modern Turkish (İstanbul) and in Ottoman Turkish (Istanbul).

It is the largest tourist city in Turkey and the eighth largest city in the world in terms of population, with about 13 million inhabitants.

This city was the capital of a number of states and empires throughout its long history, so it was the capital of the Roman Empire (330--395), the Byzantine Empire (from 395 until the year 1204 and then from the year 1261 until the year 1453), the Latin Empire (1204-1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453--1922).

In most of these stages, the city was surrounded by an aura of holiness, as it had great religious significance for its residents and residents of neighbouring countries, and it was an important city for Christians after the Byzantine Empire embraced the Christian religion, before it became the capital of the Islamic Caliphate from 1517 AD until the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire In 1924 AD.

"Historic Istanbul landmarks" were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1985 AD, and "Istanbul" was chosen as the joint capital of European culture in 2010.

Istanbul is also a big city, and it is considered as Turkey's cultural, economic and financial center.

The city covers an area of 39 provinces that make up the province of "Istanbul".

"Istanbul" is located on the Bosphorus and encircles the natural harbour that is known as "Golden Horn" in Turkish: Haliç or Altın Boynuz which is located in the northwest of the country.

The city extends along the European side of the Bosphorus, known as "Thrace", and the "Asian side" or "Anatolia", making it among a group of cities located on two continents.