The city of Tabuk, located in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is known as one of the most important Saudi cities, around which the most important monuments in the Arabian Peninsula are located.
The city of Tabuk is located to the northwestern side of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and it extends over an area of more than 116 square kilometers, and it is 700 km away from the northern region of Medina, and it is also 500 km away from Khyber Governorate. This city is the headquarter of the Emirate of Tabuk Region, and it is also the largest northern city in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
The city of Tabuk is inhabited by more than 500,000 people, but the original population of Saudi origin is estimated at approximately 400,000. It is also inhabited by some foreign residents who came to it either from inside Saudi Arabia or foreigners, and their number is estimated at 95,000. This city is witnessing a continuous increase in its population on an annual basis.
The climate of the city of Tabuk is considered desert, and therefore it is dry in the summer and hot, but it is cold in the winter and rainy, and snow may also fall there in the winter, but in general it is somewhat affected by the climate of the Mediterranean region.
The city of Tabuk is a very ancient, as it dates back to more than 500 years BC, as some of the antiquities in it indicated its antiquity, and it was known in the past as (Tabu), and therefore it was home to many civilizations and nations before they knew Islam, such as the people of Thamud. It was also inhabited by the Nabataeans and Arameans, and historians claim that the city of Tabuk traces its origin back to the Hadramout region, as the origin of its Qahtan tribes dates back to the Banu Kalb and the Quda'a.
Today, the Tabuk region is considered the gateway to the northern Arabian Peninsula, as it constitutes a vital road, especially for trade matters, in addition to being an important joint for pilgrims who visit the Holy Land.
The most important archaeological areas in the city of Tabuk: -
Mada’in Salih: which was called the Al-Hijr region, in Wadi Al-Qura, and it belongs to the lands of Thamud, and it is located in the south of the city.
Midian: There are many archaeological sites in it, in addition to tombs belonging to the people of Shuaib, and they are located in the west of the city.
Tabuk Archaeological Castle: It dates back to 3500 BC, and the inscriptions drawn in it indicate that it is a castle belonging to Midian.
Ottoman forts: They were built to protect the pilgrims coming to Mecca, as these forts were built close to each other, but many of them disappeared under the sand.
Also among the most important areas are the city of Tayma, Jabal Al-Lawz, the Museum of Antiquities and Folklore