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About the city

Jeju Island

• Jeju Island of Korea, also called Jeju Special Autonomous Province and formerly known as Quelpart to Europeans, is one of the provinces under the administration of the South Korean government.

• Jeju Island is located in half of the Korea Strait, close to the Korean Peninsula. The island's capital, most important and largest city is known as Jeju City. The island also contains the World Heritage Site, which is also known as Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes. The emblem of the island is the eucalyptus plant and the woodpecker.

• Geographical nature: the island is described as a volcanic island, and the most famous of its volcanoes is known as (Hallasan Volcano), whose crater is approximately 1950 m above sea level. It is also known as the highest elevation in South Korea. It is believed that the island was formed two million years ago as a result of a huge volcanic eruption entirely of basalt and lava rocks. As for (Gotjawal Forest), it extends over approximately 12% of the island’s lands, and is classified as one of the richest forests in the world, due to the lack of any human or industrial intervention until the eleventh century. The forest contains a huge amount of groundwater, covering the needs of half a million people on the island.

• Population: The population of Jeju Island, according to 2014 statistics, is approximately 604,771 people, who live within an area limited to 1,849 km2, within a population density of 327.1 km2. The island is known for its mild and sometimes rainy climate during the summer, and temperatures rarely drop below zero during the winter.

• Tourism: The island's mild tropical weather, its beautiful natural areas and beaches helped make the tourism sector the first source of income for the island's residents, as nearly four million tourists arrive in the capital, Jeju, most of whom come from neighboring Asian countries. Among its most famous tourist areas are Mount Halla, Chunyi Yun Waterfall. Tourists who come to it can enjoy practicing many recreational sports, such as: mountaineering, fishing, horse riding, and golf. Conference tourism abounds as it hosts many meetings and conferences. 

• Society and culture: The water borders separating Jeju Island and other neighboring islands have helped its inhabitants develop a unique culture of their own, largely different from the cultures prevalent in the Korean mainland regions. What distinguishes this culture most is that the family structure follows the mother, in addition to its own local myths, which number in excess of thousands.