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About the city


• "Strasbourg" is the capital and administrative center of the region (Alsace), located in north-eastern of France, specifically on the banks of the River (ILL) which is branching from the largest river in Europe (Rhine), where the city located on the border between France and Germany, at a distance of twenty-five kilometres from Black Forest in Germany.

• The population of the city of "Strasbourg" itself exceeds a quarter of a million, and with the population of the surrounding areas reaches about 700 thousand.

• A large number of those who reside in the city have German citizenship, so the use of the German language is spread alongside French there, and one of the phenomena observed in the city of "Strasbourg" is that a large number of its residents go daily to Germany in the morning to work there, crossing the border between the two countries back and forth.

• Strasbourg has many farms and green areas, with parks and forests spread throughout the city.

• Because it is surrounded by mountains (wog), the semi-continental climate of "Strasbourg" makes clear differences in the weather there from one season to the other, the summer is too hot and has a high humidity, while in winter the temperature is very low, which makes the city so cold and snowed heavily.

• The city of “Strasbourg” is famous for having the largest universities and educational centers in Europe, as it is considered the second most prominent and most prestigious educational center in all parts of France after Paris. It was considered home to many artists and intellectuals in France and Germany, such as (Metternich) and (Goethe) And (Clemens).

• During the Roman rule, the city was one of the important military barracks, where it began to be famous about twelve years B.C, and during the fifth century AD the city was under the rule of (Hans), and after them it was controlled by the (Franks), until the year 923, it returned once again to be controlled by the Romans, and then the revolution broke out throughout Strasbourg in 1332 AD, to become an autonomous, before returning to the Roman Empire again.

• Louis XIV of France extended his control over the city that was previously known as the village of Celtic in 1684 A.D., after a war that lasted for 30 years, that make "Strasbourg" witness a huge industrial and economic growth until the beginning of the nineteenth century, but it witnessed extensive destruction during the Franco-Prussian War as the Prussian forces bombed several industrial and historical sites in the city.

• After the war ended, the city was under the German influence during the years 1870 and 1871 as a result of the Franco-German War. Then it returned to French influence again after the end of the First World War.

• The city returned to German rule again during the second world wars, between 1940 and 1944 AD, then it came back again to the French rule after the end of these wars, all this history gave the tourist places in "Strasbourg" special features.

• Europe began to form major organizations in the year 1920 AD, when a central committee was established to organize navigation in the waters of (the Rhine), and "Strasbourg" was chosen in 1949 AD to be the seat of the European Human Rights Court and the European Commission, then in 1952 AD "Strasbourg" has been selected to be the seat of the European Parliament.