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About the city

Marrakesh

• The city of "Marrakesh" is one of the most famous Moroccan cities, founded by "Youssef Ibn Tashfin", the prince of the Almoravid state, and the city remained the capital of the Almoravid state until it fell to the Almohads in the year 1147 AD. Almost a century after this date, the capital moved to the city of Fez, the capital of the Marinids, and despite the prosperity of the city, it was not the capital. In the modern history of Marrakesh and during its fall under the French protection, the Al-Jalawi family ran the city, the last of whom was Tuhami Al-Jalawi, who was considered the first instigator of the dismissal of King Mohammed V of Morocco in 1953 AD.

• It is located in the south of central Morocco, 327 km away from the capital, Rabat. It extends in the north to meet the snow-covered Atlas Mountains, and in the southwest, it is bordered by Tangier at a distance of 580 km, as well as 239 km from Casablanca in the south, and 246 km from the city of Agadir in the east.

• Marrakesh is the third largest Moroccan city in terms of population density, with a population of about 920 thousand people in 2014.

• The origin of the name of the city "Marrakesh" is Berber and they used to call it "Amorakesh", which means "the country of God" or "the land of God." In the past, Morocco was called "Marrakesh" when it was the capital of the Almoravids, and it remained with this name while it was under French protection and in modern times.

• The climate of Marrakesh is semi-dry, with mild and humid winters, while summers are dry and hot. The average temperature in winter is 12°C and 28-29°C in summer, and the rate of rainfall in it is similar to the rest of the Mediterranean countries but at a slightly lower rate.

• It is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Morocco, due to its pleasant climate that is a haven from the summer heat, its picturesque nature, and its buildings that are predominantly red, which earned it the nickname "The Red City".

• Marrakesh was called by other nicknames other than the Red City; It was nicknamed "The City of Seven Men" in reference to a group of seven Sufi scholars who spread political and cultural awareness among the people of Marrakesh.

• In its economy, Marrakesh depends mainly on tourism, and recently there are many foreigners who own real estate and projects in it, due to the continuous development programs carried out by the Moroccan government in it, and the continuous improvements on the highway between Casablanca and Agadir and Marrakech-Menara airport contributed to the increase in the number of tourists coming to it and the revitalization of tourism there.

• In the city of "Marrakesh" there are many tourist and historical places, the most important of which are:

- Museums: such as the Marrakesh Museum and the Si Said Museum.

- Theatres: such as the Royal Theater, which is the only theater in it.

- Bathrooms: which numbered about 124.

- Wadi Aseel River: around which four aqueducts were built for the departed people and tourists

- Palaces: such as the El Badi Palace, which was built in 1578 AD when Morocco defeated the Portuguese army. It was built by the most famous Arab and foreign engineers and designers and contained beautiful and wonderful decoration that made it one of the wonders of the world. In Marrakech, there is also the Bahia Palace in the old town of the municipality of Marrakesh, with an area of approximately two hectares. It was built in the nineteenth century by the minister of Sultan Moulay El Hassan, called Bahmad.

- The Tombs: such as the tombs of the Saadians, which were built at the beginning of the seventeenth century, and the tombs of the Seven Men.

- Mosques: There are about 200 mosques, the most important of which are the Al-Koutoubia Mosque, the El-Fna Mosque, and the Al-Mansour Al-Muwahhid Mosque.