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About the city

Chefchaouen

The city of "Chefchaouen" is located on the Rif mountain range in the far north of Morocco, in particular at the foot of "Tissemlal" mountain, which is located on the right bank of the "Chefchaouen" River, and is bordered to the north by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the south by the "Province of Ouezzane" and "Taounate" regions. To the east is the province of "Al Hoceima", and to the west it is bordered by the province of "Tetouan" and "Larache".

Its original name is Chaouen, known for its small size, but despite that it is world-famous, as Chefchaouen is known as the "blue city" in Arab countries, while in Western countries they always call it "the blue dream".

Its area is about 4.20 km², and its population is 42,786, according to the last statistic in 2014.

"Chefchaouen" is characterized by its difficult mountainous terrain with sudden slopes, and very low valleys, in addition to many fractures, and the city's climate is moderate; as rain falls on the southern, high, and coastal regions in the winter, but the amount of rain varies from one region to another, while its summer is moderate in different regions.

It contains a group of waterfalls and picturesque blue streets, and this city is known to blend the authenticity and antiquity of Moroccan history and civilization, with the famous Andalusian character, due to its proximity to the ancient state of Andalusia and the blending of civilization with it.

It is also known that in the year 1492 AD when the Andalusian state fell, the city received many Spanish families, among whom were Jews and Muslims as well.

The city of Chefchaouen was founded for the first time in 1471 AD by Moulay Ali bin Musa bin Rashid Alami, who had built it to be a small fortress to guard and protect the northern region of Morocco, in order to prevent the Portuguese invaders from attacking and occupying Morocco and that was during the era of the Islamic State of the Wattasids, and it was in this period that it was known as the stage of the major geographical explorations in the world, and they were afraid of foreign occupation and exploration.

Historic landmarks in the city:

The first thing that was built immediately after the construction of the city is the "Kasbah", and it is currently considered a historical museum that contains a group of cultural monuments related to the history and culture of Morocco, and it is located on the western side of the city.

Outa el Hammam Square which is located in the city center and is a public square.

The Grand Mosque" in "Chefchaouen", is considered one of the wonderful tourist attractions in the city, as it was built during the rule of the Idrisid scholarly Bani Rashid family.

Al-Souika Neighborhood: It is one of the oldest neighborhoods in the city; where it includes many old houses of white color mixed with blue.

Al-Andalus Neighborhood: It is the neighborhood that was built for the second group of Andalusian immigrants.

Al El Anceur Neighborhood: It is the neighborhood located northwest of the city wall.

Al Sabbanin Neighborhood: This neighborhood is found next to the road resulting in an area referred to as “Ras El Maa”

Ras El Maa: It is the basis for building the city, and it is the only source that supplies it with drinking water and irrigates agricultural crops.