Hyderabad is located in southern India on the banks of Musa River, with an area of about 625 square kilometres.
It is an important Indian city and currently the capital of the state of Telangana. Much of Hyderabad is located on mountainous terrain around artificial lakes.
Its population is about 6 million, it is the sixth largest city in India.
It is considered as one of the most important cities in India in terms of development, growth and modernity. It was previously known as the Pearl City and was classified as the first city in terms of development priority due to its size and population.
This city is a major center of technology in India, and it is the second after Bangalore in technology and it hosts branches of major companies such as Facebook, Wipro, etc.
It also includes one of the most important and oldest Indian universities (the Ottoman University), which is one of the most important research centers in India and the third largest university in terms of area.
The name Hyderabad is derived from the Persian words Hyder is meaning lion, and Abad is meaning city, so it means the city of the lion. According to John Everett-Heath, the city was named by that name in honour of the Caliph Ali bin Abi Talib, who is also known as Hydar because of his prowess in fighting like a lion.
As for the scholar Andrew Peterson, who is a researcher in Islamic architecture, he believes that the city was originally called Baganjar, which means city of gardens.
The city was founded in 1591 AD by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, and the city remained since its establishment under the rule of the Qutb Shah dynasty for a century until the Mughals occupied the area.
Under British rule, the city became a princely state and remained so for 150 years, and the city was declared its capital, and it remained so until 1948 when the Indian Union was established.
There are many places to visit in Hyderabad such as:
• Golconda fort
• Hussain Sagar Lake
• Salar Jung Museum
• Birla Mandir
• chowmahalla Palace
• Makkah Mosque
• falaknuma Palace
• Nehru Zoo
• Qutab Shahi Tombs